Naira Vs Ghana Cedis Purchasing Power Comparative-Economist outlook


A university lecturer, Dr John Gatsi of the University of Cape Coast, Ghana has explained that the cost of living which is based on cost of food items and other basic needs, is lower in Nigeria compared to Ghana because most of these items are now being produced in Nigeria which makes their prices cheaper domestically.

He further said the currency does not define the value or strength of the economy, adding that though cost of living is lower in Nigeria and higher in Ghana, the Ghanaian Cedi remains stronger because Ghana is yet to limit importation of such items.

Economists describe cost of living as the amount of money needed to maintain a certain level of living, with basic expenses such as housing, food, taxes and healthcare.

Nigerian Tribune checks revealed that the annual consumer price inflation fell to 11.2 per cent in October, from 12.2 per cent in September, while for the eighth consecutive time since January this year, Nigeria’s inflation rate dropped to 15.98 per cent in September, from 16.01 per cent recorded in August,according to the National Bureau of Statistics. The October inflation rate is being expected.

According to Gatsi, fuel prices for instance have gone up in Ghana a number of times, but in Nigeria, it has remained stable especially since the first quarter of 2017.

“This has serious implication for transport fares which affect almost everything. We have also seen some adjustments in other sensitive areas. So it depends on the level of economic activities going on in Nigeria relative to Ghana,” he  stated.

Gatsi emphasized that it is possible for the Ghanaian Cedi to be stronger than the Nigerian Naira, while the Nigerian economy remains stronger than the Ghanaian economy, stressing also that it is possible for the inflation rate to be higher in Nigeria, compared to Ghana, yet cost of living is better in Nigeria than Ghana.

He said this is because “what constitutes cost of living on the average level is the cost of food items and most of these items are produced in Nigeria which makes their prices cheaper domestically. Therefore, the average cost of living in Nigeria is bound to be lower than in Ghana. That is the basic difference,” he stressed.

A number of Nigerians spoken to expressed concern on what they described as the purchasing power paradox. Checks reveal that purchasing power or the amount of goods and services that one   unit of money can buy is lower in Ghana (which ought to reflect high inflation) and higher in Nigeria (lower inflation regime), yet the Ghanaian currency is stronger at Eighty Naira to one Cedi (N80 =GHN Cedi 1) officially, as there are no parallel exchange rate markets in Ghana.

A Nigerian lady, who prefers to be called Adeola Yusuf, said from her experience, each time she wants Naira, it is better to convert Cedis to Dollars, and then from Dollars to Naira, than to convert Naira directly to Cedis because the Naira will be priced lower against the Cedi.

Also, Mrs Chinenye Anuforo who traveled to Ghana this week, said she bought a plate of cooked Indomie for an equivalent of N400 (about five GHN Cedis), the same delicacy she usually buys at  the cost of N200 in Nigeria, yet the Cedi is literally stronger than the Naira. (Tribune)